Parallel to the coastline there are sand bars that develop beyond an area subjected to tidal variation and that are due to the accumulation of sand particles carried by the wind.
Such places are of great interest since they represent a transitional area between two different environments: the sea and the land.
Violent sea storms, high level of salinity both in the substratum and in the air, strong winds, high density of solar irradiation, shortage of organic substance in the soil, allow to special species to grow.
In fact, on the dunes of the Marine Protected Area, it is possible to see many interesting insect species such as the dung beetle (Scarabæus semipunctatus) and the rare rove beetle (Lamprinodes pictus). Moreover the area is marked by the presence of unusual and particular avifauna species like the Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus), a rare migratory bird that lives and nests on the dunes from April to the end of September, coming back every Spring to lay its eggs.
The Protected Area is characterized by low coastline and sandy shores which are typical of the Adriatic sea. Furthermore it boasts an important psammophilous vegetation in the sand dunes with specimens such as Sea Daffodil (Pancratium maritimum), Mullein of the Gargano (Verbascum niveum subsp. Garganicum) , Sea Bindweed (Calystegia soldanella) and Purple Spurge (Euphorbia peplis).
In the southern area there is a large number of Rolli’s Sand Crocus (Romulea Rollii), a rare flower that can be found close to the pinewood of Stone Pines (Pinus pinea) and Aleppo Pines (Pinus halepensis).